House fires are a huge concern for me and Chris, especially now we have a newborn in our home. When we bought our current house, we spent some time thinking about how best to protect our home from fires.
As part of that research, I stumbled upon some interesting data on common causes of house fires. I was shocked at how many fires were caused by things I do all the time!
Check out the full list of top causes of house fires below.
1. Cooking Accidents
Kitchen fires account for 48 percent of all house fires. That’s 173,200 house fires per year. They most frequently occur due to overcooking or spilling of food and grease during food preparation.
Kitchen grease fires can start even without exposure to open flame. Spontaneous combustion of grease can occur at about 600 degrees Fahrenheit.
Statistically, the worst day of the year for cooking fires is Thanksgiving.
Common scenarios for cooking accidents include:
- The spillage of oils onto flammable objects.
- Build-up of grease and oils around, behind and under your stove or oven.
- Overheating of food leading to combustion.
- Forgetting to turn the stove off.
- Dropping pots and pans off the stove onto the floor.
Heaters are the second biggest cause of home fires in the United States after cooking fires. Home heaters are often placed too close to bedding, are located under curtains, or have clothing hung over them to dry. These sheets are heated by the heating devices to the point that they combust.
Space heaters (44%) are the biggest culprit for home heater fires followed by fireplaces (32%). Space heaters cause a disproportionate amount of deaths in this category: a whopping 86% of all deaths from heating equipment started with space heaters.
Failure to clean any heating appliance is also a big reason the fires start in the first place.
3. Intentionally Lit Fires
A whopping 31,305 house fires are intentionally lit every year. These fires are not necessarily all ‘arson’ fires. Arson fires are intentionally lit and intended to cause damage. Some intentionally lit fires are simply fun fires that got out of control!
The most high-risk period of intentionally lit fires is 6pm to midnight, followed by noon to 6pm.
Some explanations of intentionally lit fires include:
- Curiosity (‘fire play’) in which the person just likes fires and was playing around.
- To cover up a theft by burning the evidence.
- To commit insurance fraud.
- To burn trash.
4. Cigarettes (Smoking)
Despite smoking accounting for far fewer house fires than cooking accidents (18,100 vs. 173,200), it remains the leading cause of house fire deaths (590 vs. 550)! In other words, fires caused by cigarettes tend to be incredibly deadly!
Fires caused by smoking usually occur when a cigarette is not properly extinguished before being discarded. A cigarette but casually flicked into a shrub or pot can easily ignite dry leaves and rapidly cause a house to burn to the ground.
The most common locations where smoking-related home fires occur are the balcony or patio (18%) followed by the bedroom (15%).
5. Laundry Appliances
Washing machines and clothes dryers cause an average of 15,970 house fires per month and cause an average of 13 deaths. The bad news is these appliances cause a lot of fires, but the (relatively) good news is these fires cause far less deaths than other causes of home fires.
The main culprit of laundry fires is clothes dryers, which account for 92% of laundry fires. This is because dryers often ignite dust, fiber, lint and clothing within the machine. By contrast, washing machines usually catch alight due to electrical faults.
6. Flammable Liquids (Chemical fires)
Combustible liquids are all over the home. The most likely place you’ll find combustible liquids is the kitchen cabinet, which is full of all sorts of chemicals.
Around 12,000 home fires every year are caused by flammable liquids in the United Stages.
Another common place where flammable liquids is the garage. There’s a good chance you’ll have gasoline containers lying around to refilling your lawn mower. Make sure you store these liquids far away from anything that might cause the gas to ignite and ensure it’s not exposed to heat extremes.
7. Barbeque Grills
Barbecue grills cause 8,700 fires per year. Of these fires, about 3,600 affect the structure of the buildings themselves while about 5,000 are entirely outdoors.
Predictably, the majority of these fires take place during summer months, with a spike during July.
Gas leaks are a major contributor to barbecue fires, although the risks of burning food to combustion and having barbecues near combustibles (such as dried grass) is serious.
To prevent barbecue fires, check for gas leaks before use, regularly clean your barbeque, and try to create a dedicated safe barbecuing space that is free of clutter and away from children.
Candles cause an incredible 8,200 house fires per year in the United States and are directly responsible for an average of 80 deaths annually.
It’s also interesting to note that the most common days for candle fires each year are New Year’s Day, Christmas Day and New Year’s Eve.
Candle wax is incredibly hot and can dribble onto flammable surfaces such as tables and books. Furthermore, the open flame itself may flicker up and ignite nearby objects such as hanging drapes.
NFPA suggests that:
- Candles should be supervised at all times. Do not leave a room with a lit candle.
- Use flashlights rather than candles during blackouts.
- Keep candles 1 foot away from any flammable surfaces.
9. Power Tools
Tools involving what NFPA calls ‘hot work’ cause approximately 2,000 house fires per year. Examples of tools in this category include soldering, welding and heat treating tools, as well as hot torches. The tool that is most likely to cause fires is welding torches.
Power tools usually cause fires when they are placed or operated too close to combustibles. A small minority of power tool fires is due to faults with the equipment.
While these tools more commonly cause fires in workplaces than homes, there is still a significant number of fires caused by the use of these tools within the home.
The employment of professionals to do work using power tools can help minimize fire risks.
10. Overloaded Power boards
Overloaded power boards. Make sure you don’t ‘piggyback’ adaptors and power boards onto other power boards.
It might seem harmless, by in the United States over 5,300 house fires are caused each year due to overloaded power boards!
The best thing to do is to only use the allocated number of outlets on a power board and never add more power boards onto each other.
It’s also usually best to buy power boards with overload protection. These power boards come with a fuse which cuts electricity to the board when overload or short circuit occurs.
11. Christmas Trees
Christmas trees are incredibly combustible. They are, of course, primarily made of wood! But the big risk of Christmas tree fires is that as the weeks leading up to Christmas pass the tree dries up fast. As the tree dries, it becomes more and more susceptible to fire.
Each year, an average of 160 Christmas tree fires occur in the United Stages, leading to an average of 3 deaths.
The leading cause of Christmas tree fires is faulty electricals, such as the Christmas tree lights sparking a fire.
Another key cause is candles being too close to the tree.
Christmas appears to be a particularly dangerous time for house fires. On top of the 160 Christmas tree fires, 780 house fires related to holiday decorations occur annually.
12. Faulty Electrical Wiring
Electrical fire due to faulty wiring is one of the more dangerous types of house fire because they occur when we least expect. Electrical wire faults can occur in hidden spaces such as inside of appliances and by power points (often hidden behind couches!). They can also occur at unexpected times such as the middle of the night. This may explain why electrical fires account for 19 percent of all home fire deaths despite only representing 10 percent of home fires.
13. Faulty Appliances
Electrical fires account for 10 percent of all house fires in the United States. That’s about 51,000 house fires leading to 500 deaths annually.
Common causes of electrical appliance fires include:
- Aged appliances. When appliances get old, the protective insulation around wires erodes and leaves wires exposed. Subsequent crossed wires will lead to fire.
- Poor quality appliances. Often, the appliances you buy online are cheap and poor quality knock-offs that don’t meet safety standards. Be sure to check if the appliance you buy online has met all safety standards.
14. Appliance Charging Accidents
Alliance charging is another form of electrical fire, but deserves it’s very own category.
The charging of appliances generates a lot of heat. When laptops and phones are charged on sheets or flammable surfaces, heat can build up quickly and lead to a fire.
The air intake section of a laptop is usually on the bottom of the laptop. This can often be covered up when you place a laptop on a soft surface like a bed, leading to overheating.
Read here for an example of a story of a laptop exploding and causing $40,000 of fire damage!
There are fire hazards all over the home. By being aware of these fire hazards, you’re more likely to prevent being the victim of a house fire.
Make sure you create and follow your home fire prevention checklist and have a working smoke detector and fire extinguisher at hand for when the worst happens. By being prepared, you can stop a fire before it gets too big to handle.